Smokeless Coal Fuel Development from Nigerian Coal Deposits (Funded by the National Grant of the TETFund)

Smokeless Coal Fuel Development from Nigerian Coal Deposits (Funded by the National Grant of the TETFund)

The Smokeless Coal Fuel Project at the IBB University is presently being supported by a TETFund National Research Grant awarded in 2015. Smokeless fuel refers to fuel which does not produce visible smoke when burned. Smokeless coal fuels have tremendously assisted to reduce emission of green-house gases. However, only specific types of coals are suitable for the production of smokeless fuels. The Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University is currently working on determining the total coal reserves of Nigeria through geological mapping and core drilling and to there-from carry out petro-geochemical and experimental defusinization studies that will determine the geographic extent and stratigraphic intervals of Nigerian coals that can be used for the production of smokeless fuels and patent blending techniques that increase the quality of the coals for the production of smokeless fuels through experimental defusinization. Domestic cooking in Nigeria is done through the use of electric power, kerosene and gas cookers and the use of firewood derived through heavy deforestation. Electric power is in short supply; kerosene emits lots of greenhouse gases while the use of firewood leads to deforestation. Expected results from the smokeless coal fuel research project will assist to curb the alarming rate of deforestation in Nigeria which stands at 400 hectares per annum resulting in erosion and negative climate change effects. The project when expanded in scope through any further funding support will contribute greatly to the African regional energy-mix initiative that is expected to enhance energy supply and availability through augmentation with alternative energy sources.